Working directly with patients, Nurse Practitioners can diagnose and manage most common and many chronic illnesses. They are approved to perform physical examinations, order and interpret diagnostic tests, provide counselling and education, and compose medicines.

Nurse Practitioner Dutie

What Is a Nurse Practitioner?

Certified Nurse Practitioners (NPs) are independently licensed health care providers who approach the holistic care of patients from a foundation of nursing theory and bring a comprehensive perspective to healthcare. Unlike licensed Registered Nurses, NPs have graduate-level nursing preparation and hold either a master’s or doctorate degree. Moreover, they have met national affirmation necessities that enable them to diagnose and treat a number of health problems.

1, Women’s Health Nurse Practitioner

A women’s health nurse practitioner is a registered nurse (RN) who has an advanced education and clinical experience in women’s health care. WHNPs can have variable levels of mastery in various specialities relating to ladies’ wellbeing, including obstetrics, gynaecology, urogynecology, gynecologic oncology, barrenness and maternal/fetal pharmaceutical.

They may be employed at 

  • Obstetrics
  • Urogyecology
  • Gynaecology
  • Primary Care
  • Infertility
  • Breast Care Clinics
  • Gynecologic Oncology
  • Maternal/Fetal Medicine
  • Wellness Clinics
  • Women’s Healthcare
  • Speciality Care Clinics

Duies provided by women’s health nurse practitioners include:

  • Annual exams, including pap smears and other health screenings, and well woman care
  • Birth control and family planning
  • Prenatal and postnatal care for normal pregnancies
  • Care during perimenopause and menopause
  • Management of sexually transmitted diseases
  • Care during acute or chronic medical conditions
  • Education about women’s health issues

2, Adult Nurse Practitioner

An adult nurse practitioner (ANP) focuses on the primary care of adults. The main roles of ANPs focus on preventive care involving health promotion and disease prevention as well as the management of patients with intense and incessant medical problems.

They may be employed at 

  • Private Practices
  • Speciality Clinics
  • Hospitals
  • Community Health Centres
  • College Campuses
  • Healthcare Technology Companies
  • Teach-In Schools

Duties provided by adult nurse practitioners include:

  • Analyzes patients’ health histories, symptoms and diagnostic information to develop appropriate diagnoses and creates complete treatment designs in like manner.
  • Prescribes medication dosages, courses and frequencies and teaches patients about the dangers and reactions related to pharmaceutical.
  • Requests and translates the results of diagnostic tests such as blood counts, blood checks, electrocardiograms and x-rays.
  • Educates patients and caregivers about self-management of acute or chronic illnesses and conditions
  • Diagnoses and treats common acute health care problems such as illnesses, infections and injuries
  • Assesses the viability of a patient’s treatment plan and makes changes to the plan if needed

3, Pediatric Nurse Practitioner

A pediatric nurse practitioner is a nurse practitioner that specializes in care to newborns, infants, toddlers, pre-schoolers, school-aged children, adolescents, and young adults.

The pediatric nurse practitioner is a specialist in the care of children from birth through young adult with an in-depth knowledge and experience in pediatric primary health care including well-child care and prevention/management of common pediatric acute illnesses and chronic conditions.

Nurses who specialize in paediatrics devote their knowledge and skills to caring for children from infancy through the late teen years and their families. These specialized nurses typically total propelled preparing in paediatrics and collaborate closely with physicians and other health care providers who share their dedication to children’s health.

They may be employed at 

  • Hospitals
  • Doctor’s Offices
  • Clinics
  • Surgical Centers
  • Health Care Settings
  • Neonatal units
  • Pediatric critical care unit
  • Pediatric oncology ward
  • Schools
  • Private Practices

Duties provided by Pediatric Nurse Practitioner include:

  • Diagnose illnesses
  • Prescribe medication and therapy
  • Conduct routine check-ups
  • Order patient lab tests
  • Counsel patients and family members

4) Family Nurse Practitioner

A Family Nurse Practitioner, who may also be referred to by the acronym FNP, is a registered nurse with particular instructive and clinical training in family practice.

Family Nurse Practitioners work with patients throughout their lives, diagnosing illness, conducting exams, and prescribing medication. These nurses can also serve as their patients’ sole health care provider and run their own private practices.

They may be employed at 

  • Doctor’s offices
  • Clinics
  • Private Homes
  • Schools
  • Hospitals

Duties provided by Pediatric Nurse Practitioner include:

  • Developing treatment plans for acute and chronic diseases
  • Educating and guiding patients on disease prevention and healthy lifestyle habits
  • Understanding the changes in health promotion throughout the ageing process
  • Conducting exams
  • Performing diagnostic tests and screening evaluations
  • Managing overall patient care regarding lifestyle and development issues
  • Emphasizing preventative care and disease management
  • Prescribing medications

5) Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner

Psychiatric mental health nurse practitioners are advanced-practice registered nurses who provide comprehensive mental health care to patients suffering from behavioural problems and mental health disorders. Not exclusively do Psychiatric nurse practitioners give demonstrative care and treatment, they also focus on psychiatric/mental health maintenance and wellness.

They may be employed at 

  • Private practice
  • Psychiatric and behavioural treatment clinics
  • Corporations
  • Consulting with businesses or communities
  • Residential treatment facilities
  • Public health agencies
  • Family practice or pediatric clinics

Duties provided by Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner include:

  • Offer outpatient or home-based care to address sudden changes in a patient’s mental status or chronic conditions
  • Serve as consultants for community groups, corporations, healthcare agencies, legislative advocacy groups, and other organizations
  • Perform various patient assessments (e.g., physicals, family risk analyses, diagnostic exams, mental health tests)
  • Develop holistic, cross-disciplinary treatment plans
  • Prescribe medications in compliance with state scope of practice laws
  • Collaborate with doctors and make appropriate patient referrals
  • Maintain detailed patient records
  • Conduct original research and present findings through conferences or scholarly journal articles
  • Analyze the effectiveness of treatments
  • Educate patients, families, and others on challenges in mental health

5) Emergency Nurse Practitioner

Emergency Nurse Practitioners work in emergency care settings, which often are complex and unpredictable, also, provide health care services to people of any age either independently or through interdisciplinary collaboration.

Some of the provided services include health promotion; disease and injury prevention; assessing, diagnosing and managing acute episodic and exacerbations of chronic illnesses; and administering education or counselling services to patients and their families.

  The role of the Emergency Nurse Practitioner is enormously improved by the ability to order and/or interpret certain radiographs and to prescribe certain drugs, but these can only be decided after detailed discussions with the radiologists and pharmacists.

They may be employed at 

  • Hospitals
  • Trauma centres
  • Urgent care facilities/departments
  • Ambulances

Duties provided by the Emergency Nurse Practitioner include:

  • Assessment/rapid assessment of patients across the lifespan
  • Triaging the acuity of patients
  • Diagnosing and prescribing
  • Ordering and interpreting diagnostic tests
  • Admitting patients to the hospital
  • Discharging patients from the Emergency Department
  • Collaborating with physicians in complex cases
  • Referring to specialists as needed